Baku, Azerbaijan, Dec. 7

By Fikret Dolukhanov – Trend:

A scientist from Uzbekistan created a new theory about stars, according to which Einstein's theory of gravity leads not to black holes, but to objects of a previously unknown type – frozars, Trend reports referring to the Uzbek media.

The author of the new theory is Ph.D. in Physics and Mathematics Zahid Zakir.

Relying on exactly solvable models, he, unexpectedly for himself, came to a rigorous proof of the absence of black holes in Einstein's theory.

“I managed to be the first in the world to understand and prove that the collapse of stars in Einstein gravity has an internal mechanism of self-retardation. This mechanism doesn’t exist in the Newtonian theory and therefore the black hole model, which roots out from this theory, did not take it into account,” Zakir said

He noted that all stars with a mass of more than three solar masses at the final stage of their evolution, when their sources of energy are exhausted, cool and then their own gravity begins to compress them uncontrollably. According to him, the main problem so far has been the determination of the nature and structure of the objects into which the stars will turn as a result of such a gravitational collapse.

“Now it has become clear that they are becoming frozars, stars with a completely frozen structure, which turn out to follow from Einstein’s theory of gravity. In this theory, the strong gravity of a contracting star slows down all processes inside the star compared to the outside world. When the surface approaches the gravitational radius, all layers of the star completely freeze, which stops the collapse,” the scientist believes.

According to the author of the new theory, all compact stars and supermassive objects in the nuclei of galaxies, already discovered by astronomers and considered black holes, will now be considered frozars. Objects that will be opened later will also be considered frozars.

Gravity was the first interaction described by mathematical theory. Aristotle (4th century BC) believed that objects with different masses fall at different speeds. And only much later (1589) did Galileo Galilei experimentally determine that this was not the case – if the air resistance is eliminated, all the bodies are accelerated in the same way. Newton's law of universal gravitation (1687) described the general behavior of gravity. In 1915, Albert Einstein created the General Theory of Relativity, which more accurately describes gravity in terms of space-time geometry.

The theoretical possibility of the existence of black holes follows from some exact solutions of the Einstein equations, the first of which was obtained by Karl Schwarzschild in 1915. Einstein himself and Arthur Eddington, the creator of the modern theory of the structure of stars, were against the possibility of the formation of black holes. Einstein considered it impossible that within a black hole particles can exceed the speed of light.

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